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Total Information Awareness

The Internet of Things International Forum was launched by the EU projects IoT-i and CASAGRAS2 in collaboration with the China Academy of Telecommunication Research (CATR) and China's Wuxi SensingNet. The latter is leading the Internet of Things International Standardisation aided by partner organisations such as the Korean Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (KAIST). The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) defined the Internet of Things and provided the blueprint for its development.

Professor Chan-Mo Park is an emeritus professor at KAIST in South Korea, and also the Chancellor of Pyongyang University of Science & Technology in North Korea which has been accused of training some of North Korea's nuclear and missile development personnel. North Korean defectors Yi Choi, and Jang Se-yul who reportedly worked in the North Korean electronic warfare command, both claim that some graduates of the Pyongyang University of Science & Technology are assigned to the North Korean military Unit 121 for cyber warfare. Professor Chan-Mo Park is also a former president and still an active member of the Korean-American Scientists & Engineers Association (KSEA), and the Honorary Chairman of the International Strategy and Reconciliation Foundation based in Washington DC.

Mr. Houlin Zhao of the People's Republic of China is the Secretary-General (Head) of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). The ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) such as radar, satellites, GPS, missile control, internet, mobiles, television, and radio for government, military, civil, and commercial use. Military use of ICTs include control of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles; long range guided missiles; aircraft-to-aircraft communication; and communication with ships and submarines.

Member states of the ITU include China, North Korea, USA, UK, Russia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Israel.

The Master International Frequency Register is the ITU database in which all frequencies allocated to each of the 193 member states and 700+ Private-sector entities of the ITU are registered. Each state has to compile a National Table for Frequency Allocation (NTFA) as required in Article 5 (pp.37 - 178) of the ITU Radio Regulations. This ITU document (p.2) tells us that "Since radio waves ignore borders, international coordination of spectrum use is necessary, and the ITU Radio Regulations is the legal instrument that does this: it determines how the radio frequency spectrum is shared between different services and how satellite orbits are to be used, and it prescribes how equipment and systems must operate to ensure peaceful cohabitation, avoiding interference with each other, in today’s increasingly crowded airwaves." Here is the National Table for Frequency Allocation for Hong Kong. The USA and the UK NTFA give the frequencies used by the military. Mr. Houlin Zhao of China, as head of the ITU, has access to the government and military frequency allocations of all 193 member states of the ITU.

When a missile is launched and is heading towards its target, it is ASN.1 which ensures (p.25) that data transmitted by a GPS satellite is precisely the same as the structure of the data when received by the missile guidance system. It was the ITU that led the development and standardisation of ASN.1 and the ITU informs us that ASN.1 is a critical part of our daily lives, it is everywhere, but it works so well it is invisible. ASN.1 is compatible with, but independent of, programming languages, operating systems, and hardware. The uses of ASN.1 include air traffic control, security authentication & cryptography, mobile telephony & wireless networks, electronic cards & tags, ATM's & banking, transportation, website design, graphics & file transfer.  

One of the private sector members of the ITU is the Chinese company Huawei which was founded by Ren Zhengfei of the Chinese People's Liberation Army who held a position equivalent to a Deputy Regimental Chief. Huawei is the world's largest manufacturer of telecommunications equipment, built the networks of over 80% of the world's top 50 telecommunications companies, and has numerous research & development centres and joint innovation centres in countries including, China, Russia, UK, USA, Iran, Iraq, UAE, Syria, Israel, France, Germany, and Belgium. In 2005, Huawei won the contract to upgrade the UK British Telecom 21st Century Network (21CN) which led to so-called concerns that UK telecommunication systems could be vulnerable to attack by China. In 2010 Huawei established a UK cyber security evaluation centre which is overseen by GCHQ. In 2011, John Suffolk, who was formerly the UK government's Chief Information Security Officer, became Global Head of Cyber Security at Huawei.

Huawei is a member of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS) based in Washington DC, the Telecommunications Industry Association, North America (TIA), the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), and oneM2M which is the global standards partnership enabling the Internet of Things which is being developed to provide total information awareness. The Internet of Things is an international collaboration that includes China, Russia, USA, UK, European Union, Japan, and other countries (see slide 12). If the governments of only two or three countries were managing & controlling the Internet of Things, then that would make those countries more information aware than the other countries connected to The Internet of Things. All governments, therefore, will have equal access to the total amount of information collected by the Internet of Things.

Considering that governments have a ‘Common Purpose’ and are working together to develop the ‘Internet of Things’, then where do governments believe that potential threats are most likely to come from? The answer would seem to be the so-called 'global 99 percent'. In 2012 the UK government had a parliament & internet conference that included a session entitled 'Concepts of acceptable behaviour to protect and enhance trust - The road to North Korea.

Posted by Ken Craggs